What is Information Technology
Information technology is the employment and application of the computer system to process, manage and distribute information. Usage of IT in this context involves the hardware and software components.
Some major benefits of Information Technology in various areas are listed below:
Speed and Accuracy in information Processing
With the use of IT more work can be carried out by individuals, businesses, services and government organisations. Function enhancement programs such as word processors, database programs and spreadsheets can get work done in less time with increased accuracy and efficiency.
Global Social Interaction
IT has made global social and cultural interaction very simple. This really is evident with the emergence and success of social networking websites, such as Facebook and Twitter. Much more, the use of information technology has eliminated language barriers with technologies such as language translators.
The introduction and usage of hi-tech applications and gadgets such as iTunes, iPod and iPone has been revolutionary. Downloading Microsoft 365 Cambridge, buying, playing and organising, music, videos, movies and TV shows has been made super easy and accessible. The gallant advancement of information technology through history puts the entire world in your palm with technologies such as iPad and Amazon Kindle.
The effect of information technology on universal communication is phenomenal. Telecommunication moved beyond the use of basic technologies. With the advancement of the Internet and technologies such as VoIP (Voice over IP), organizations, businesses and individuals can communicate any moment from different parts of the entire world through video and voice calls, web conferencing, seminars and virtual meetings.
A major step to global economic advancement is the removal of distance and time barriers caused by the application form of information technology to buying and selling of goods and services (e-commerce). E-commerce gave room for tiny, small and big business players to emerge. Interconnection of businesses is manufactured painless. Tens and thousands of local, national and international businesses and enterprises will have what’s called ‘web presence’ and may now reach wider audience.
Education moved far beyond the use of bricks and mortal classrooms or traditional blackboards. The entire world has become in the era of e-learning, using technologies such as VLEs (Virtual Learning Environments). Students might have access to all teaching materials and resources online; take part in virtual classrooms real time or asynchronously.
The usage of IT has generated a standard improvement in quality, safety and efficiency in the health care delivery system. The health care sector is positively impacted by the use of electronic health records, virtual healthcare team technologies, telemedicine, e-health grids and various specialist health care information systems.
Information technology had brought phenomenal changes to all part of life. The positive impact has been global and the change keeps growing exponentially. However, the disadvantages can not be ignored. A major menace caused by IT is security and drastic decrease in privacy.